Kaliningrad region as a modern tourist cluster and the most western region of the Russian Federation is distinguished by its exclave position, possesses a rich cultural and historical heritage, and has the unique natural resources, being the only resort territory of Russia on the Baltic Sea.
The Baltic enclave has significant tourism and recreational potential, due to its geographical location that differs from other regions of the Russian Federation. In this connection, the development of tourist and recreational activities constitutes strategically important direction of social and economic uplift of the Kaliningrad region. The advancement of the tourist industry is capable of boosting other sectors of the economy. Tourism cluster includes hotels and restaurants, entertainment and sports centers, museums, shopping centers, souvenir production, airports and transportation companies, educational institutions, tourist and excursion companies, etc. The increase of tourist flow into the territory of the Kaliningrad region constitutes on the average 10-12 percent per year for the past few years.
Tourism is the priority direction of the economic advancement of the Kaliningrad enclave in the coming years. The Federal target program on the development of the Kaliningrad region for the period until 2020 also includes a paragraph on the expansion of touristic and recreational complex: “the implementation of this measure will contribute to the growth of tourist entry flows, provide a link of the Kaliningrad region with other regions of Russia and make the Kaliningrad region the center of inter-regional cooperation of Russia and Europe, as well as develop the water tourism and yachting.”
This will undoubtedly create an additional image of the Kaliningrad region and will attract large numbers of tourists.
For the preparation of this material, the article was used: A.S. Stepchenko, M.D. Shchelkunova “Prospects and directions of development of tourism and recreation activities in the Kaliningrad region” // The young scientist. – 2015. – №10.2. – pp. 132-136.